Posts for: January, 2018
From washing up under too hot of water to an accidental tipping of a coffee cup, burns are a potential hazard in every home. In fact, burns are some of the most common childhood accidents that occur. Babies and young children are especially susceptible to burns because they are curious, small and have sensitive skin that requires extra protection. Your child’s pediatrician is available to provide you with tips on proper treatment, and ways to prevent burns.
Burns are often categorized as first, second or third degree, depending on how badly the skin is damaged. Both the type of burn and its cause will determine how the burn is treated, but all burns should be treated quickly to reduce the temperature of the burned area and reduce damage to the skin and underlying tissue.
First-degree burns are the mildest of the three, and are limited to the top layer of skin. Healing time is typically about 3 to 6 days, with the superficial layer of skin over the burn potentially peeling off within the next day or two. Second-degree burns are more serious and involve the skin layers beneath the top layer. These burns can produce blisters, severe pain and redness.
Finally, third-degree burns are the most severe type of burn, which involves all layers of the skin and underlying tissue. Healing time will vary depending on severity, but can often be treated with skin grafts, in which healthy skin is taken from another part of the body and surgically placed over the burn wound to help the area heal.
You can’t keep kids free from injuries all the time, but these simple precautions can reduce the chances of burns in your home:
- Reduce water temperature.
- Avoid hot spills.
- Establish ‘no’ zones.
- Unplug irons.
- Test food temperature.
- Choose a cool-water humidifier or vaporizer.
- Address outlets and electrical cords.
Contact your pediatrician for more information on how to properly care for burns and how you can further protect your children from potential burn hazards.
Are you concerned about how your child functions either at home or in school? Is he or she lagging behind his peers or older siblings at a similar age? Are typical developmental milestones related to walking, language or fine motor skills missed or delayed? Then consult with your pediatrician in Las Vegas, NV, Dr. Nasreen Majid or Dr. Susan Hirata. Their expertise in diagnosing and treating chronic and acute illness and in tracking your children's mental, physical and emotional development help you care for your youngster as he or she navigates the challenges of childhood.
Types of learning disabilities
Researchers at the National Institute of Health state that simply because a child struggles with a learning task or area of study, this necessarily does not indicate a learning disability. However, if the problem continues over time, your pediatrician in Las Vegas, NV, may recommend additional testing from the school psychologist or an independent expert, such as an audiologist or neuropsychologist.
Typical learning disabilities affect how a youngster speaks, listens, moves, pays attention, calculates and reads. You may have heard of many of the following disabilities:
- Dyslexia affects handwriting, math computation, telling time, sequential memory and reading comprehension.
- Dyscalculia expresses in handwriting that is illegible for the child's age.
- Dysgraphia is a math/arithmetic disability.
- Dyspraxia involves noise and touch sensitivity, poor coordination and task organization and balance issues.
Some lesser known disabilities are Central Auditory Processing Disorder, in which a child struggles to interpret the sounds and ideas he or she hears, and ADD and ADHD which combine behavioral abnormalities with learning problems. Difficulty concentrating and completing tasks along with hyperactivity are common to both Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in varying degrees.
Types of developmental disabilities
Down Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, autism, and hearing/vision loss rank high in prevalence among American children. Crossing socioeconomic, ethnic, and racial boundaries, these disabilities vary from mild to profound and affect a full 15 percent of young Americans, says the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta.
Similar to learning disabilities, developmental issues may change how a child learns, speaks and processes the world around him, but additionally, these disorders impact mobility, independent functioning and the ability to earn a living. Many experts in academia, medicine and psychology link these disabilities to birth defects, prenatal stress, nutritional deficits and environmental toxins (such as lead).
What you can do
In infants, toddlers and preschoolers, the most frequent cause of sore throats is a viral infection. No specific medicine is required when a virus is responsible, and the child should get better over a seven to ten day period. During this period, your child may develop a fever, but they generally are not very sick.
It is not uncommon to experience a sore throat when your child has a cold or the flu. Unfortunately, there are other reasons for sore throats to develop that may be symptomatic of more serious problems. Children tend to have sore throats more often than adolescents or adults, with sore throats being the most common during the winter months when upper respiratory infections are more frequent.
The major cause of a sore throat is an infection, whether it is viral or bacterial, and can also be caused by allergies and environmental conditions. If your child has a sore throat that lasts longer than the typical five to seven day duration of a cold or flu, and is not associated with an avoidable allergy or irritation, it is important to contact your local pediatrician. The following are signs and symptoms to alert you to take your child to the pediatrician:
- Severe and prolonged sore throat
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty swallowing
- Difficulty opening the mouth
- Joint pain
- Fever that is over 101 degrees
- Frequent recurring sore throat
- Lump in the neck
- Hoarseness lasting over two weeks
At the first onset of a sore throat it is always important to monitor the progress and recognize any other symptoms that may accompany the sore throat, which could cause it to worsen into strep throat, inflamed tonsils, or laryngitis. Contact your pediatrician if your child is experiencing a sore throat that won’t go away. Your pediatrician will help diagnose and treat your child’s symptoms.